Do citizens have a specific constitutional right to secondary education?



 

This map tells us whether a country’s constitution grants citizens a specific right to secondary education.

Only constitutional provisions are included in this map. Legislative protections are not shown here. Read more about why constitutions matter.

More information:

  • Specific right to secondary education means the constitution explicitly mentions a right to secondary education, a right to education at all levels, or a right to education for at least 11 years or until at least age 16.
  • Not granted means that the constitution does not explicitly mention the right to secondary education for all citizens. This does not mean that the constitution denies the right to secondary education, but that it does not explicitly include this right. If the right to secondary education is only guaranteed to specific groups of people, the country will appear as not granting the right to secondary education to all citizens on this map.
  • Aspirational means that the constitution protects the right to secondary education, but does not use language strong enough to be considered a guarantee. For example, constitutions in this category might state that the country aims to protect the right to secondary education or intends to provide free secondary education.
  • Guaranteed means that the constitution protects the right to secondary education in authoritative language. For example, constitutions in this category might guarantee citizens’ right to secondary education or make it the State’s responsibility to provide this level of education. However, the constitutions in this category do not guarantee that secondary education is free and/or compulsory.
  • Compulsory or free means that the constitution guarantees either the right to free or compulsory secondary education, but not to both, in authoritative language.
  • Compulsory and free means that the constitution guarantees both the right to free and the right to compulsory secondary education in authoritative language.