Does the constitution guarantee the right to health, public health, and medical services to citizens?



 

This map tells us whether nations include provisions to protect the right to health, public health, and medical services in their constitution.

Only constitutional provisions are included in this map. Legislative protections are not shown here. Read more about why constitutions matter.

­ More information:

  • No, all three are not guaranteed means that at least one of these three health-related rights is not mentioned in the constitution or is only granted to specific groups, such as children or the elderly.
  • Yes, at least aspirational for all three means that all of these three health-related rights are either aspirational or guaranteed to citizens. Aspirational means the constitution protects the right to health, public health, and medical services but does not use language strong enough to be considered a guarantee. For example, the nation will endeavor to provide the right to health or intends to provide medical services.
  • Yes, all three are guaranteed means that the constitution explicitly guarantees the right to health, the right to public health, and the right to medical services to citizens in authoritative language.