Health

Cambodiaimmunization_Commons_USGPublicDomainOne of the most fundamental conditions for quality of life is the protection of health and prevention of avoidable illness and disability throughout life. Public health measures play an essential role in reducing leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. The ability of workers to take leave for their own health needs and those of their family is also critical to the protection of health for workers and their families. Lives of children are also shaped by their families’ ability to access medical services, regardless of their socioeconomic status or place of residence.

In this section we have mapped out data that provides valuable insight into public health policies, access to health services, and constitutional protections which shape people’s ability to achieve the right to health.

Topics covered include:

Constitutional Protections of Health

Leave for Health Needs

The right to health is widely recognized in international conventions, such as Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (1948), which states that “(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.”

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (created in 1989 and ratified by all but three UN member states) establishes children’s right to health by stipulating that “States Parties recognize the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health. States Parties shall strive to ensure that no child is deprived of his or her right of access to such health care services.”